The finest silk fibers, and most of what we use today, are produced by "cultivated" silkworms grown in a controlled environment. The worms are fed a diet of mulberry leaves and increase their body size 10,000 times in their short life span. Once the cocoon is spun and before the worm hatches through the silk into a moth, the cocoon is soaked in hot water then unraveled, producing filaments that can be up to a mile long in size.
The raw silk is then processed to remove the sericin - the natural "gum" that protects the fibers and causes them to stick to each other as the cocoon was spun.Silk is a protein fiber, similar to wool or to human hair. It is only natural for silks to have some irregularities – sometimes called "slubs". This is the nature of the 100% silk fabric.Silk that has been processed can be woven or knit into a variety of fabrics.
Silk will shrink, so if you are using it to construct clothing, be sure to preshrink it. Silk often has a wonderful feel, (referred to as a "hand"), and an almost iridescent sheen that makes us think of luxury.The weight of silk is shown as "mm" – pronounced "mommy" – and varies within the different types of silk. The following list of various types of silk may help you understand some of the qualities of each: Chiffon Often the lightest weight and most diaphanous of the silks, Chiffon is also the most see-through.
It creates the "billows" of fabric that add dimension to garments, but generally requires some kind of lining or backing unless it's used for scarves. China Silk China silk is a lightweight, sheer, plain-weave fabric. It's sometimes referred to as habutai, or habotai, or pongee. It is one of the less expensive and more commonly available silk fabrics.Habotai can often be found as light as 5 mm and as heavy as 12 mm.
Most of our scarves are made of 8 mm Habotai. When purchasing for clothing construction, or purchasing ready-made clothing, this fabric is not recommended for fitted garment styles because the seams will tear from the stress. Crepe de Chine Crepe de chine is a lightweight fabric made by twisting some fibers clockwise and others counterclockwise. The twisted fibers are then woven in a plain-weave fabric, but it's the twisted fibers, not the weave, that gives crepe its distinctive "pebbly" look and feel rather than a shiny luster.
Both sides of the fabric look and feel the same.Our drawstring pouches and some of our larger scarves are made of Crepe de Chine, often in the 12mm to 15mm range. When purchasing ready-made clothing or considering this fabric for sewing, avoid using it in tailored styles because the fabric is too soft to hold a structured shape.Crepe de chine doesn't ravel as easily as other silk fabrics, but it will tear if not handled gently.
Charmeuse Generally, when we think of traditional silk, this is the fabric we have in mind. The back of the fabric is a flattened crepe while the front is a shimmery satin weave.Charmeuse has even more drape than crepe de chine and works well for scarves, blouses and lingerie. Occasionally we will offer scarves in Charmeuse. Jacquard Jacquard silks offer various woven patterns, using matte and reflective threads to create a light and dark effect in the fabric.
This effect is similar to brocade, although the Jacquard is originally created in one color. These are generally heavier weight and more densely woven. Patterns are often florals and paisleys.This added dimension (pattern) makes this fabric perfect for abstract for free-form dyeing. Our Envelope Pouches are made from Jacquard, as are some of our Cell Phone and Glass Cases. Douppioni Douppioni is a plain-weave fabric with slubbed ribs.
It has a stiff, taffeta-like hand and is usually dyed in bright colors.Douppioni is often made into elegant evening gowns or semi-fitted vests and garments. But make sure the style isn't too fitted, because the fabric doesn't stand up well to stress and ravels easily.It's often recommended that douppioni be drycleaned to resist abrasions. However, as with most silk, you can generally wash douppioni with positive results.
Just be sure to serge the raw edges first to prevent raveling. Washing will make the fabric lose some of its stiffness, which may be your preference, and the color will soften as the excess dye is washed away. Noil Silk noil is made from the short fibers left after combing and carding so it doesn't shine like many other silk fabrics. Noil looks similar to cotton, but has the soft feel of silk against the skin.
It also drapes better than cotton and resists wrinkling, so it's the perfect choice when traveling.It can be machine washed on gentle and dried on low, but this will cause a faded, "weathered" look. If you prefer bright colors, dry-clean or hand wash. Raw silk Raw silk is any silk yarn or fabric that hasn't had the sericin - the natural "gum" that protects the fiber - removed. The fabric is stiff and dull and the sericin tends to attract dirt and odors.
Tussah Tussah silk, often called shantung, is made from the cocoons of wild tussah silk worms who eat oak and juniper leaves – their "natural" food. Because the worm isn't grown in a controlled environment, the moth hatches from the cocoon thus interrupting the filament length and making the fibers short and coarse instead of long and lustrous.Tussah silk is difficult to dye and to most often available in its natural color, a creamy tan.
Because of its irregular slubs and the fact that it ravels easily, tussah should be dry-cleaned. It is a good choice for traveling as it doesn't wrinkle easily. Shantung Once made from hand-reeled tussah silk, today's shantung is usually made with cultivated silk warp yarns and heavier douppioni filling yarns. Depending on the filling yarn, shantung may be lustrous or dull.It has a firm, semi-crisp hand and tends to ravel, so avoid close-fitting styles.See Also: Types Of Accounting Jobs
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Welcome to JRB Silk Fabrics , your source for high quality designer and decorator silks. Our inventory includes a large selection of beautiful and elegant silk fabrics, including 255 colors silk dupioni, 283 colors silk shantung, 211 colors silk linen, 290 colors silk taffeta as well as plaid and striped , patterned and embroidered silk . With over 3,000 patterns and colors, we are able to serve the unique needs of professionals (interior designers, home decorators, fashion designers) and non-professionals alike.
We are confident that our extensive collection offers a silk fabric to fit every design need. We Specialize in Silk Fabrics At JRB Silks, nearly every silk fabric is in stock and ready to deliver. As the only large supplier in the industry that does not discontinue any of its silk fabrics, you are guaranteed to find the same high quality silks every day of the year. In addition, unlike other large suppliers, at JRB Silks we are proud to not enforce a minimum yardage requirement.
Instead, our customers are able to purchase any number of yards for no extra fee. Our online catalog offers a variety of silks, most of which are stocked well in our Atlanta, Georgia warehouse. For large quantity orders for which we may not have sufficient quantities in stock, we can place a back order and have your fabric directly shipped from our mills in India. In-house Backing & Finishing Services JRB is also proud to offer backing and finishing services to its customers.
Optional knit-backing, paper-backing, scrim-backing, and stain protection are available on silks purchased from us. Additionally, if you have your own fabric that you would like to get backed or finished, we can process that as well. At JRB Silks, we are able to back most types of fabrics, including silks, linens, polyesters, cottons, blends, and much more. Our proprietary and unique process has made us the industry leader in backing and finishing services.
Customer Care. We're open M-F 9-5 EST Most importantly, however, JRB strives to offer the best, most helpful customer service. To ensure that our customers have an enjoyable and convenient shopping experience, we offer knowledgeable assistance at any time. You may contact us through our Customer Service Department via telephone between 9AM and 5PM EST M-F. You may also reach us with your questions/concerns via e-mail at support@jrbsilks.
com. We hope you will find our website useful in satisfying your silk needs. We encourage you to browse our catalog to find your perfect silk fabric.